"The most comprehensive and well-reasoned
contribution by an individual evangelical scholar in the modern history of
the debate." — Professor Ron Pierce, Biola University
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Philip B. Payne.
Woman, One in Christ: An Exegetical and Theological Study of Paul's
Letters. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2009, 511 pages. Now shipping.
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This book is a careful exegetical examination of Paul’s teachings
regarding women and their standing and ministries in the church and
home. It is the condensation of 35 years of research on this topic and
is full of insights that shed new light on a host of issues and correct
many misconceptions. This work rigorously analyzes both the text of
Paul’s statements and the meaning of the text through penetrating
exegetical study. It affirms the complete reliability of all of Paul’s
The work begins with an examination of the influences on Paul, then it
explores Paul’s many statements about women who were his colleagues in
ministry and Paul’s theological principles that undergird his
affirmations of the equal standing of man and women in Christ. In light
of Paul’s practice, it examines each of Paul’s statements regarding the
standing of women and their ministry in the church.
The book concludes that Paul is consistent in both his practice and his
principles, affirming the equal standing
of man and woman in Christ.
Samplings of condensed responses to the book follow:
• "Philip Payne’s treatment of New Testament manuscripts and textual
criticism, especially in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35, is meticulously formulated,
cogently argued, and of lasting significance."
—Eldon J. Epp, Harvard Divinity School
• "This careful scrutiny of every Pauline text that deals with
women is a must-read for anyone doing serious study or preaching about these
texts. Simply put, this is the most technically proficient study ever
published on women in the Pauline texts."
—Scot McKnight, Jesus Creed
• "The most comprehensive and well-reasoned contribution by an individual
evangelical scholar in the modern history of the debate."
—Professor Ron Pierce, Biola University
• "Philip Payne brings decades of meticulous research to its
proper culmination in a compelling and thoroughly biblical demonstration
that Paul the apostle to the Gentiles was a wholehearted supporter of women
serving in any and all sorts of ministerial roles they are called and gifted
to undertake. This book deserves the highest commendation."
—Ben Witherington III, Asbury Theological Seminary
remarkable, exceedingly important, painstakingly meticulous, magnum opus on
the relevant biblical passages has rapidly become the classic manifesto for
those committed both to the authority of Scripture and the validity of
women’s ministry. It examines in minute detail each Pauline passage used to
restrict the equality and ministry of women."
—Catherine Clark Kroeger, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, full
review in Priscilla Papers 25, 3 (2011) 27
• "Man and Woman,
One in Christ is superb and inspired scholarship, evidenced in its
biblical/linguistic resources and especially in its amazing exegetical,
linguistic, historical and theological content. What a gift to scholars and
—Professor Manfred T. Brauch, Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary
• "Man and
Woman, One in Christ is a mammoth achievement, a book of exhaustive
scholarship, clear, full of original contributions, particularly on 1 Tim
2:8–15, Rabban Gamaliel II, Gen 1–3, the “seed,” and “the Childbirth.” No
exegetical area is left without extensive study of its grammatical and
historical component elements and its relationship to the whole structure.
Its study of kephalē is definitive. It will serve an authoritative reference
for many years to come."
Spencer, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. See the full review in JETS
54, 1 (2011)
• "Meticulously detailed and lucid, it will remain the
definitive work on the subject of the role of women in the Church for years to
—Dr. Randy Colver, Fairburn, GA
• "Truly a remarkable work - and thorough in its
argumentation. Its analysis of οὐδέ
in 1 Tim 2:12 is a tremendous help. Thank you for your dedication to Scripture
and its fine results for Christian faith and theology. I believe it will be a
source of lasting change in the church."
—David T. Goh, Ph.D. in New Testament, Senior Pastor, The
Garden Community Church, Bakersfield, CA
• "A massive amount of research and careful argumentation! This important
contribution to the church should shape the discussion for some time to
come. A really significant piece of work."
—Harold Netland, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
• "A long time adherent to CBMW's Danver's Statement, I had
assumed the exegetical and theological issues were settled by Grudem,
Schreiner, and Köstenberger. However, exegetically, this book is the best.
Its arguments for interpolation (1 Cor 14:34-35) are persuasive. It has won
me over with regards to ministry roles. A fruitful and stimulating
—David R. Booth, Balcatta, Western Australia
• "A masterpiece, comprehensive, biblical, containing some of
the most important findings to date. Its kephalē research is worth the price
of the book many times over. Quite simply, the best treatment today."
—Paul D. Adams blog, ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ
(in Christ Jesus)
• "A superb achievement, very entertaining, by far the most
important contribution to the debate about women's ‘roles' in the 21st
century so far."
—Dr. Robert K. McGregor Wright, Director Aquila and Priscilla House Study
• "Extraordinarily well-done careful exegesis. Marvelous book.
Payne’s knowledge of the 1st century AD background, of New Testament Greek,
of textual criticism, and of the theological issues is extensive. His
discussion of I Corinthians 14:34-35 is outstanding, demonstrating that
these two verses are almost certainly an interpolation. Definitely five
—Shirley L. Barron, Richmond, Kentucky
• "Extraordinarily invaluable, comprehensive, fair, freeing
research! Finally, it all fits together!"
—M. L., Dallas Theological Seminary
• "Payne's new book is an incredible work. If you think you know
what the Bible says on gender but have not read this book, I strongly
encourage you to read it."
—Donald B. Johnson, Manassas, Virginia
• "Nothing sort of remarkable, rock-solid, monumental work
enhanced by its spirit throughout."
—David Sanford, Credo Communications
• "Wonderful book, monumental, a landmark, engaging. It
makes complex, technical issues very understandable and practical. The book has
life and spirit, a supremely academic work that is also supremely spiritual. A
rare blend crafted with such excellence and grace."
—Steve and Carol Ost, Bremerton, Washington
• "Wow, I'm thoroughly enjoying the book. It's amazing!
You've done a wonderful service to the body of Christ. It makes the most sense
to translate kephale throughout 1 Cor 11:3 'source.' I love your approach to
everything - start and stay with orthodoxy."
—Kevin Meserschmidt, East Hampton, CT
• "I love your book! And I love your critique of Tom
Schreiner's review at www.pbpayne.com. Keep up the wonderful work!"
—Professor Deborah M. Gill, Assemblies of God Theological
• "Excellent research, scholarship with humility. I
devoured this book."
—Scott Lisea, Young Life Gold Coast & Central California
highly commendable, excellent work covers some thirty years of research and
painstaking analysis of the texts and an impressive array of contemporary
evidence. Scholars will find fresh insights, especially in the rich
references to ancient authors. Throughout the work Payne takes pains to show
that many previous readings missed the point of the passages analyzed,
especially 1 Cor 11:2–16, due either to lack of attention to the original
contexts, presuppositions from the readers’ contexts, and/or the limitations
of the English language imposed on the texts (e.g., the use of gendered
pronouns in translations where none exist in the Greek. His twenty-three
page analysis [117–39] argues that kephalē in 1 Cor 11:3 means ‘source,’ not
‘head/leader, authority’). From his rich and multidimensional analyses (Old
Testament, Septuagint, and Hellenistic, Jewish, Roman, and patristic
authors), Payne concludes that, contrary to the practice of his
contemporaries, ‘Paul consistently champions the equality of man and woman
in Christ.’ Payne’s very readable book is the testimony of a personal faith
journey. I have made it required reading for my course on Sex and Gender in
SHCJ, Catholic Institute of West Africa, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Review of
Biblical Literature 02/2011
exacting scholar has now given us all what may well be the definitive
scrutiny of all of the relevant passages in the New Testament Pauline
letters. Philip Payne has applied exacting scholarship in ways that should
finally tone down the arguments against women in church leadership."
—L. Palmer, Amazon.com
important, the benchmark for the egalitarian position regarding man and
woman in Christ."
—Marc Axelrod, Potter, Wisconsin
• "One of
the most insightful books I have ever read dealing with the role of women in
the Christian community. I thank God for such dedication and scholarship.
God is using this book in a mighty way to help people read the Word of God
—Dr. Dallas Burdette, Montgomery, AL
• "I read
your book as though it were a suspense novel – I couldn’t put it down. When
my husband would get home, I kept him up for hours, explaining the meanings
of some of the passages and reading him excerpts from the book. And I cried.
Your book makes so much sense to me. Thank you, again, for your work in
researching, writing and publishing your book. It is God’s gift to the
church and particularly to Christian women. Your book has given me
confidence to begin to break away from the accepted mold that I have always
resented and struggled to fill, and has given me a sense of freedom to more
fully trust in Christ and His path for my life. I feel closer to my husband
than ever before, because I no longer resent him. So, thank you!!"
Pasco, Washington State
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See other essays and
publications by Philip Payne, including articles for free download.
The author maintains a
web site devoted to
this book. It includes the entire 255-page bibliography for the book,
endorsements, a blog interacting with recent comments about the book,
supplementary essays (e.g. Paul's sayings about slavery), and journal
articles by P.B. Payne for free download.
Payne recently published an article in what is probably the most important
book about Codex Vaticanus ever published, written with the senior
paleographer at the Vatican Library. The book is available at discount
($47.95) from Linguist's Software.
Philip B. Payne and Paul Canart. "Distigmai
Matching the Original Ink of Codex Vaticanus: Do they Mark the Location
of Textual Variants?" pages 199-226 in Patrick Andrist, ed.,
manuscrit B de la Bible (Vaticanus graecus 1209): Introduction au
fac-similé, Actes du Colloque de Genève (11 juin 2001), Contributions
supplémentaires. Lausanne, Switzerland: Éditions du Zèbre, 2009.
See Le manuscrit B de la Bible for more
Linguist's Software has been approved to sell the magnificent
Bibliorum Sacrorum Graecorum Codex Vaticanus B color facsimile. This is the first time the entire
Codex Vaticanus has been printed in color. The photographic quality and
color reproduction is amazingly faithful to the original. Most of the 450
numbered copies printed for sale have already been sold, so availability is